Videos

The Computational Neuroscience Unit at OIST


Stochastic Reaction-Diffusion and Membrane Potential Combined Simulation in Full Purkinje Dendritic Tree

This video visualizes the result of a spatial stochastic reaction-diffusion and membrane potential combined simulation in a full Purkinje dendritic tree morphology. The model is simulated using parallel STEPS (http://steps.sourceforge.net/) simulator, on the Sango High Performance Cluster at OIST. The left panel shows the time evolution of the calcium concentration in each branch segment of the dendritic tree, and the right panel indicates the correlated membrane potential profile.

The parallel STEPS implementation is described in:
W. Chen and E. De Schutter: Parallel STEPS: Large Scale Stochastic Spatial Reaction-Diffusion Simulation with High Performance Computers. Frontiers in Neuroinformatics 11: 13 (2017).
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fninf.2017.00013/full



Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptor (IP3R) Model in a Dendritic Spine

This video visualizes the IP3 receptor model in a realistic spine reconstruction, simulated using STEPS (http://steps.sourceforge.net/) simulator. It demonstrates the activation of IP3 receptors on the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) membran by cytosolic Ca2+, leading to release of Ca2+ from the ER and the rapid increase of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration, which in turn increases the number of open-state IP3 receptors.

Published in:
W. Chen and E. De Schutter: Python-based geometry preparation and simulation visualization toolkits for STEPS. Frontiers in Neuroinformatics 8: 37 (2014).
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fninf.2014.00037/full


Anomalous Diffusion in Spiny Dendrite

This video demonstrates the anomalous diffusion effects caused by molecule trapping in dendritic spines, simulated using STEPS (http://steps.sourceforge.net/) simulator. It shows that as the spine density increases, molecules diffuse more slowly along the dendritic shaft as many of them are trapped in the spine heads.

Published in:
W. Chen and E. De Schutter: Python-based geometry preparation and simulation visualization toolkits for STEPS. Frontiers in Neuroinformatics 8: 37 (2014).
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fninf.2014.00037/full.

Original model:
F. Santamaria, S. Wils, E. De Schutter, G.J. Augustine: Anomalous diffusion in Purkinje cell dendrites caused by spines. Neuron 52: 635-648 (2006).
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17114048/


Synaptically Evoked Dendritic Spikes

Stochasttic gaiting of calcium-activated potassium channels leads to large variation in dendritic calcium bursts in cerebellar Purkinje cells. Watch voltage and calcium influx during two different Purkinje cell dendritic ccalcium bursts.

Originally published in:
H. Anwar,  I. Hepburn, H. Nedelescu, W. Chen and E. De Schutter: Stochastic calcium mechanisms cause dendritic calcium spike variability. Journal of Neuroscience 33: 15848-15867.
https://www.jneurosci.org/content/33/40/15848.long


A 3D reconstructed "forest" of neurons

Unraveling the dense neuronal forest of Purkinje cells in the adult cerebellum using combined techniques from genetics, microscopy, and computational anatomy.