Seminar “Chemistry on a background - new orders in simple solids” Prof. J Paul Attfield, University of Edinburgh

Date

Thursday, April 18, 2013 - 11:00 to 12:00

Location

C209, Level C, Center Building, OIST Campus

Description

 

Theory of Quantum Matter Unit would like to invite you to a seminar: 

Date: Thursday 18th April

Time: 11:00am-12:00pm

Venue : Seminar Room C209, Center Building

Speaker: Professor J Paul Attfield, Centre for Science at Extreme Conditions and the School of Chemistry, University of Edinburgh

Title: “Chemistry on a background - new orders in simple solids”

Abstract:

Control of the electronic and magnetic properties of  materials often involves the formation of additional orders within  simple structure types such as perovskite, spinel, rocksalt, etc.  These orders may be of atoms, vacancies, charges, and orbital or spin  states. This talk will illustrate the progression from long range  motifs to molecule-like objects driven by the d-states within ordered  superstructures of transition metal compounds. Long range  superstructures will be illustrated by the discovery of large-period  vacancy ordered planes in SrCrO3-x materials - these are synthesised  through 'hard-soft' chemistry starting from the high pressure  perovskite SrCrO3. More unconventional, polymer-like, correlated  orders of O and N atoms have recently been discovered in oxynitride  perovskites such as SrTaO2N. These have an unusual sub-extensive  scaling of entropy with particle size. The low temperature phase of  magnetite, Fe3O4, has been an enduring mystery since it was first  reported by Verwey in 1939. Our recent determination of the  superstructure shows that it is charge and orbitally ordered to a good  approximation, but with an additional molecule-like order of 3-site  'trimeron' units.
 

Bio of Prof. Paul Attfield:

Professor Paul Attfield obtained B.A.( Hons.) and D.Phil. degrees in Chemistry and a Junior Research Fellowship at Oxford University during 1980-91. He was a Lecturer, then Reader in Materials Chemistry, and a Co-Director of the IRC in Superconductivity at the University of Cambridge from 1991 until 2003, when he moved to the University of Edinburgh to take the Chair in Materials Science at Extreme Conditions. This is held jointly in the School of Chemistry and the Centre for Science at Extreme Conditions (C SEC). He has recently become the Director of CSEC. Research on the synthesis, structures and electronic properties of transition metal oxides is currently supported by five grants from EPSRC, STFC and the Leverhulme Trust. He was awarded the 1991 Meldola and 1998 Corday-Morgan RSC Medals and he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 2006. He is the author of more than 200 publications in peer-reviewed scientific journals.

Attachments

Sponsor or Contact: 
Shiho Saito, Theory of Quantum Matter (Nic Shannon) Unit
All-OIST Category: 

Intra-Group Category


Import this Event: Right-click to download, then open in your calendar application.

Subscribe to the OIST Calendar: Right-click to download, then open in your calendar application.