[Seminar] "Wick rotating the heat kernel" by Dr. Rudrajit Banerjee
Geometric PDE and Applied Analysis Seminar (October 20, 2023)
Title: Wick rotating the heat kernel
Speaker: Dr. Rudrajit Banerjee (OIST, Gravity, Quantum Geometry and Field Theory Unit)
Abstract: While the heat semigroup and kernel on \(L^2\) spaces associated to the Dirichlet Laplacian on Riemannian manifolds is a central object in many areas of mathematics, much less is known about a suitable analogue for Lorentzian signature pseudo-Riemannian manifolds. Aiming at such a construction, I will introduce a family of real manifolds, each with a complexified metric tensor, that interpolates between a foliated globally hyperbolic Lorentzian signature manifold and a foliated Riemannian manifold (a variant of the "Wick rotation" from theoretical physics). I will report on the construction and properties of a generalized diffusion/heat semigroup and kernel on this family of manifolds, which indeed generalizes many of the well-known aspects of the familiar heat operator, including its smoothening property, to this broader setting. Time permitting, I will comment on the strict Lorentzian signature limit.