Seminar "Periodically driven sub-wavelength lattices" Prof. Gediminas Juzeliūnas, Vilnius University


Monday, November 28, 2022 - 11:00 to 12:00


B503, LevelB, Center Building



Gediminas Juzeliūnas
Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy, Vilnius University, Lithuania


Traditionally, optical lattices are created by interfering two or more light beams, so that atoms are trapped at minima or maxima of the emerging interference pattern depending on the sign of the atomic polarizability [1]. The characteristic distances over which such lattice potentials change are limited by diffraction and thus cannot be smaller than a half of the optical wavelength λ. The diffraction limitation can be overcome and subwavelength lattices can be created using coherent coupling between atomic internal states [2-8]. In particular, recent experiments demonstrated deeply subwavelength lattices using atoms with N internal states Raman-coupled with lasers of wavelength λ [7]. The resulting lattice has an N times smaller periodicity compared to the usual λ/2 periodicity of an optical lattice.

In the present talk we will discuss various ways to produce subwavelength lattices and effects of the periodic driving on these lattices. In particular, we will present our recent work on periodic driving of subwavelength lattices leading to formation of pair of coupled subwavelength Rice--Mele chains which operate as a novel topological charge pump [8].

[1] I. Bloch, Nature Physics 1, 23 (2005).
[2] M. Łącki et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 233001 (2016).
[3] F. Jendrzejewski et al., Phys. Rev. A 94, 063422 (2016).
[4] Y. Wang et al, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 083601 (2018).
[5] E. Gvozdiovas, P. Račkauskas, G. Juzeliūnas, SciPost Phys. 11, 100 (2021).
[6] P. Kubala, J. Zakrzewski and M. Łącki, Phys. Rev. A 104, 053312 (2021). 
[7] R. P. Anderson et al, Physical Review Research 2, 013149 (2020).
[8] D. Burba, M. Račiūnas, I. B. Spielman and G. Juzeliūnas, arXiv:2210.05515.

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