[PhD Thesis Presentation_Zoom] ‐ Tsung-Han Hsieh – Deciphering the role of JunB in common and lineage-specific transcriptional programs of distinct CD4+ effector T cells
Presenter: Tsung-Han Hsieh
Supervisor: Prof. Hiroki Ishikawa
Unit: Immune Signal Unit
Zoom URL: to be available 48 hours prior to the examination
Title: Deciphering the role of JunB in common and lineage-specific transcriptional programs of distinct CD4+ effector T cells.
IRF4 is critical for differentiation of various CD4+ effector T cells, such as T helper 1 (Th1), Th2, and Th17 subsets, through interaction with BATF-containing AP-1 heterodimers. A major BATF heterodimeric partner, JunB, regulates Th17 differentiation, but the role of JunB in other CD4+ effector T subsets is not fully understood. Here we demonstrate that JunB is essential for accumulation of Th1 and Th2 cells, as well as Th17 cells, both in vitro and in vivo. In mice immunized with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), papain, or complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA), that induce predominantly Th1, Th2 and Th17 cells, respectively, accumulation of antigen-primed, Junb-deficient CD4+ T cells is significantly impaired. Loss of JunB decreases viability of cells activated under Th1-, Th2-, and Th17-polarizing conditions. RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) and chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) reveal that JunB directly regulates expression of various genes that are commonly induced in priming of naïve CD4+ T cells, including a pro-apoptotic gene Bcl2l11 (encoding Bim), and genes that are specifically induced in Th1, Th2, and Th17 cells. Furthermore, JunB colocalizes with BATF and IRF4 at genomic regions for approximately half of JunB direct target genes. Taken together, JunB, in collaboration with BATF and IRF4, serves a critical function in differentiation of diverse CD4+ T cells by controlling common and lineage-specific gene expression.