Seminar - Quantum Optics with Spins and Superconducting Cavities


Tuesday, February 13, 2024 - 15:00 to 16:30


Seminar Room 23 - Lab 5, D Floor



Prof. Johannes Majer
Affiliation: Division of Quantum Physics and Quantum Information, University of Science and Technology of China


Quantum Optics with Spins and Superconducting Cavities


Hybrid quantum systems based on spin-ensembles coupled to superconducting microwave cavities are promising candidates for robust experiments in cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED) and for future technologies employing quantum mechanical effects. In particular the electron spins hosted by nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond.

We used this system to study a broad variety of effects, such as cavity protection effect and hole burning which can extend the coherence time and reduce dephasing.
Furthermore, this platform allows to study superradiance and the coupling of spins over macroscopic distances.

We use a dispersive detection scheme based on cQED to observe the spin relaxation of the negatively charged nitrogen vacancy center in diamond. We observe exceptionally long longitudinal relaxation times T1 of up to 8h. To understand the fundamental mechanism of spin-phonon coupling in this system we develop a theoretical model and calculate the relaxation time ab-initio. The calculations confirm that the low phononic density of states at the NV− transition frequency enables the spin polarization to survive over macroscopic timescales.


My research is focused on hybrid quantum systems. In particular my interest is aimed at coupling superconducting quantum circuits to spins systems such as nitrogen-vacancy defects in diamond. This solid-state quantum optics platform allows us to study fundamental quantum effects such a as superradiance and bistability. Furthermore, this coupled system allows us to realize quantum technologies, such as microwave photon detectors and frequency transducers.


Prof. Bill Munro

All-OIST Category: 

Subscribe to the OIST Calendar: Right-click to download, then open in your calendar application.