Phases and topological defects in two dimensions, Prof. Leticia F. Cugliandolo
Date: Thursday, March 23, 2023
Location: Center, level B, B503
Speaker: Prof. Leticia F. Cugliandolo, Sorbonne Université, Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Hautes Energies.
Title: Phases and topological defects in two dimensions
Long-range translational order is forbidden in low dimensional systems with short-range interactions: solid phases can only have quasi long-range translational order while they keep long-range orientational order. The standard picture is that the melting transition occurs in two steps: an intermediate phase with quasi long-range orientational order is reached by the unbinding of dislocations while the transition to the liquid is triggered by the unbinding of disclinations. In this talk I will revisit all these issues and I will extend their analysis to systems of self-propelled particles, the constituents of active matter, a new kind of soft matter relevant to describe numerous biological problems. The dynamics across various phase transitions will also be briefly discussed.
A new scenario emerges from extensive molecular simulations studies.