OIST-UT Joint talk series for future science-Season5


2021年12月8日 (水) 17:30 18:30





Understanding of superorganisms: collective behavior, differentiation and social organization


Among diverse animals, some have acquired social/colonial systems in which individuals can differentiate into multiple types of individuals, as seen in eusocial insects and colonial marine animals. I have been studying on developmental and physiological mechanisms underlying caste differentiation in social insects. In termite societies, multiple types of individuals, i.e., castes, perform divisions of labors to coordinate social behaviors. Among them, soldiers are distinctive since they are sterile and specialized into defensive behavior with distinctive morphological features. I will summarize our previous studies focusing on the caste-differentiation systems in termites. Furthermore, I would like to report recent advances on colonial systems in bryozoans. In this talk, some interesting behavioral and/or reproductive phenomena seen in marine animals will also be introduced.


Dr. Toru Miura, Misaki Marine Biological Station, School of Science, The University of Tokyo


Toru Miura is Professor at Misaki Marine Biological Station, School of Science, The University of Tokyo. He got his PhD at The University of Tokyo. His research has focused on developmental mechanisms of phenotype-specific characters underlying the polyphenism in ants, termites and aphids, especially in terms of the alteration of body plans in response to environmental signals. He also tries to understand the evolutionary processes underlying the interaction between ontogeny and environment. He has recently expanded his study to marine animals, in which similar but diverse phenomena are also seen. He has published over 150 scientific papers on these topics.  


Prof. Tom Bourguignon, OIST



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