Ales Bucek, Postdoctoral Researcher
I have a long-term scientific interest and fascination for the molecular basis of the evolution of novelties in insects. During my Ph.D. at the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Prague, Czech Republic, I studied how the enzymatic properties of pheromone biosynthetic enzymes influence the evolution of sex pheromone communication in moths (Tobacco hornworm moth - Manduca sexta) and Hymenoptera (bumblebees - Apidae: Bombus).
For my postdoc, I am devoting to another extraordinarily evolutionary successful yet understudied insect group: termites. I aim to answer how termites evolved their sophisticated chemical defense arsenal, how do they interact with and adapt to a range of parasites. More generally, I aim to uncover the genomic and transcriptomic underpinnings of their diverse life strategies.
Yukihiro Kinjo, Postdoctoral Researcher
Symbiosis is ubiquitous and is one of the most important driving forces of organism evolution. To get a better understanding of the diversity of life, we need to elucidate how organisms evolved in symbiotic systems. The most extreme symbiotic system is obligate symbiosis, in which both parties cannot survive alone. During my Ph.D., I worked on comparative genomics and studied the genome evolution of Blattabacterium, the intracellular bacterial endosymbiont of cockroaches. I intend to determine how host ecological changes affect the evolution of their endosymbiont genome. In the Evolutionary Genomics Unit, I continue working on this question and try to determine how environmental factors drive the genome evolution of endosymbionts.
Simon Hellemans, JSPS Postdoctoral Fellow
I obtained my Ph.D. in 2019 from the Evolutionary Biology & Ecology lab at the Free University of Brussels (ULB; Brussels, Belgium). I investigated the ecology and the evolution of the conditional use of sex in a group of phylogenetically related neotropical termites. Notably, we described the first nutritional symbiosis between termites and the endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia —notorious for being a master manipulator of arthropod reproductive biology.
I joined the Evolutionary Genomics Unit in November 2019 with a JSPS Postdoctoral Fellowship for Foreign Researchers. I investigate the epidemiology of endosymbiotic bacteria using a near-complete time-calibrated phylogenetic tree of South American termites. I intend to reconstruct the evolutionary history of these bacterial lineages along the termite phylogeny to determine their rates of infection/extinction and influence on termite speciation and mitochondrial diversity. Lastly, I perform comparative genomics analyses to underpin the true nature of these symbioses, either mutualistic (e.g., nutritional mutualism) or parasitic, and identify their underlying molecular mechanisms.
Nobuaki Mizumoto, JSPS Postdoctoral Fellow (SPD)
I am a behavioral ecologist interested in the evolution of collective behavior and movement patterns of animals. I use a combination of mathematical modeling and empirical experiments to study animals, especially termites. I completed my Ph.D. in 2018 at Kyoto University, studying mate search and collective building in termites. Then, I spent two years at the Arizona State University as a JSPS Overseas Research Fellow, where I focused on the tunneling behaviors of termites and untangled the complex relationship between individual behaviors and tunnel structures. I joined the Evolutionary Genomics Unit with a JSPS Special Postdoctoral fellowship (SPD). I perform a wide range of comparative studies on termite nest building. I compare individual- and group-level phenotypes along phylogenetic trees to unveil the evolutionary history of termite collective behaviors.
Anna Prokhorova, Postdoctoral Researcher
I study microbial interactions within communities. My work is at the interface of microbiology, biochemistry, and biophysics. I obtained my Ph.D. in 2016 from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany. I studied exoelectrogenic microbial communities, which can transfer respiratory electrons to an extracellular electron acceptor by the oxidation of organic matter in waste streams, using microbial fuel cells technology for biogas production from livestock waste.
In the Evolutionary Genomics Unit, I investigate microbial interactions in the termite gut. The termite gut is a natural microbial bioreactor digesting wood and producing biofuels. My goal is to shed light on the role of termite gut microbial symbionts and their interactions during lignocellulose degradation.
Crystal Clitheroe, Technician
I am Crystal, a technician in the Evolutionary Genomics Unit. I joined OIST in August 2015, and I am originally from South Africa. I have a multidisciplinary background studying Microbiology, Biochemistry, Invertebrates, and Bioinformatics. I am curious by nature and am especially interested in evolutionary biology and how computers can assist biological research. In the Evolutionary Genomics Unit, I process samples for sequencing and occasionally write code for data analyses. My hobbies are reading, coding and dancing. I am very excited to be involved in research studying the fascinating world of termites!
Esra Kaymak, Technician
I worked this past decade at the Free University of Brussels (ULB), Belgium, in the team of Dr. Olivier Hardy, where research projects focus on plant biodiversity, primarily in African rainforests.
Since early 2021, I have been discovering the thrilling world of termites. No need to say it is a new challenge for me, a challenge that I am more than happy to undertake by joining the Evolutionary Genomics Unit. The exquisite research environment, combined with my love for Japanese culture, makes my stay in Okinawa perfect!
My humble hobbies are baking, visiting new places, and hanging out with friends.
Jigyasa Arora, Ph.D. student (JSPS DC2)
I am Jigyasa, from New Delhi, the capital city of India. Born and raised in one of the largest Indian cities, I love trying new cuisines and meeting new people. After finishing my undergraduate's degree from the University of Delhi, I traveled to the U.K and obtained a master's degree from the University of Essex. I moved to Okinawa, Japan, for an internship and fell in love with the tropical climate, scientific environment of OIST, and Japanese culture. I am currently working as a graduate student in the Evolutionary Genomics Unit at OIST, exploring the termite gut environment, especially the role of gut bacterial symbionts in lignocellulosic degradation. During my free time, I like to travel and improve my dancing skills.
Menglin Wang, Ph.D. student
My name is Menglin, and I am a Ph.D. student in the Evolutionary Genomic Unit. I am Chinese, and I got a master's degree in Botany in 2015 from the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Science. During my master's degree, I studied the reproductive biology and pollination strategy of the plant genus Bauhinia. In the Evolutionary Genomics Unit, I use data obtained with high-throughput sequencing technologies to study the historical biogeography of termites. I am also interested in the co-evolution between termites and their termitophilous insects.
Tracy Audisio, Ph.D. student (JSPS DC2)
My past research experience focused on the taxonomy, phylogenetic relationships, and biogeography of cave obligate spiders. In the Evolutionary Genomics Unit, I am working on sequencing about 50 termite genomes representative of the ecological and phylogenetic diversity of termites. Using this large dataset, I will perform comparative genomics analyses to determine how termite genomes have evolved. I am primarily interested in the evolution of structural variants.
In my spare time, I enjoy going on adventures both above and below ground.
Kensei Kikuchi, Ph.D. student
My name is Kensei. I obtained a bachelor's degree in engineering (material science), and I joined OIST as a Ph.D. student in May 2020. I have a long-time passion for sociobiology. In particular, I am interested in studying how biological and behavioral diversity has evolved. My goal is to identify the factors at the origin of eusociality in social insects. I want to determine the meaning in behaviors and identify the patterns found among different species. In the Evolutionary Genomics Unit, I will work on behavioral experiments to study the effect of group size and caste ratio on individual termite behavior.
Zhuli Cheng, rotation student
I am a 1st-year student interested in evolutionary biology, and I am most fascinated by what genomes can tell us about the billions of years that life went through. In the Bourguignon Unit, I hope to learn how genomes evolve. For that purpose, I am excited to participate in our project that looks at how strains of Blattabacterium cuenoti, an obligate intracellular symbiont living in cockroaches and termites, gradually lost many of their genes over the last 200 million years.