# Mathematical and Theoretical Physics Unit (Shinobu Hikami)

## Mathematical and Theoretical Physics Unit

#### Professor Shinobu Hikami

## Book

E. Brezin and S. Hikami,

Random Matrix Theory with an External Source,

SpringerBriefs in Mathematical Physics 19, (2016), Springer Singapore.

## Abstract

Universal behaviors can be observed in various physical phenomena. For instance, a magnet shows a phase transition with critical indices, which are determined by the symmetry and the space dimensions. They do not depend on the details of the materials. In our unit, we study the universal phenomena of the disordered systems which are typically described by random scatterings and random potentials. The random walk in Brown motion is one of the well-known problems in this field. The aim of our study is to generalize these approaches through the random matrix model and to discuss the universal phenomena.

The random matrix model can be applied to low dimensional electronic system such as a quantum dot, and also to the string theory and gauge theory. The molecular-sequence of DNA or protein seems randomly distributed, but some of these sequences can be explained by random matrix theory. The biological system is an extremely complex system. Our research project is an approach to the biological system from the mathematical and theoretical physics by the use of the random matrix theory.