Course Coordinator: 
Akimitsu Narita
Synthetic Chemistry for Carbon Nanomaterials

Target Students
Students with background of organic chemistry who are interested in the synthesis of carbon nanomaterials.

This course mainly covers the synthetic methods for carbon nanomaterials, including fullerene derivatives, polyphenylenes, nanographenes, and graphene nanoribbons, from the perspectives of organic chemistry. Particular focus will be given on the synthesis of large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) developed over the past 100 years in the field of organic chemistry, which led to the recent bottom-up synthesis of atomically precise nanographenes and graphene nanoribbons. This course will also cover the related methods in polymer chemistry as well as the on-surface synthesis of nanocarbons, using the techniques of the surface science. Besides the synthetic methods, various spectroscopic and microscopic characterization methods available for the resulting carbon nanomaterials will be explained and their potential applications will be discussed.

Students who complete this course will be able to: 1. Critically analyze papers on the synthesis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and other carbon nanomaterials, with reference to a wide range of modern synthetic and characterization methods. 2. Discuss advantages and disadvantages of different synthetic approaches for carbon nanomaterials. 3. Plan a multi-step synthesis and characterization strategy for unprecedented carbon nanomaterials.
Course Content: 

The following topics will be covered, focusing on the synthesis and characterization methods and mainly taking examples from the recent literature.

1. Introduction: from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) chemistry to bottom-up synthesis of carbon nanomaterials
2. Fully-benzenoid PAHs and extension to nanographenes
3. Not-fully-benzenoid PAHs
4. Heteroatom-incorporated PAHs
5. Open-shell PAHs
6. Helical PAHs
7. Polyphenylene polymers and dendrimers
8. From ladder polymers to graphene nanoribbons (GNRs)
9. On-surface synthesis of PAHs and GNRs
10. On-surface synthesis of two-dimensional carbon nanostructures
11. Fullerene derivatives
12. Other carbon nanomaterials

Course Type: 
1. In-class exercises throughout the term (40%) 2. Presentation of related papers of choice from the last five years (60%)
Reference Book: 
Polyarenes I https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-662-43379-9
From Polyphenylenes to Nanographenes and Graphene Nanoribbons https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-64170-6
Synthetic Methods for Conjugated Polymers and Carbon Materials https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/book/10.1002/9783527695959
Prior Knowledge: 

Undergraduate-level knowledge of general chemistry; Advanced-level knowledge of organic chemistry.